Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 46-56
Effect of Ascorbic, Folic acids and Hibiscus Extract on Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens)
Tamer Farouk Ahmed El-Moghazy, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Esam Abd-Elkareem Abd-Elazeem Al-Azzony, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Received: Sep. 12, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 29, 2019;       Published: Oct. 12, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20190404.11      View  376      Downloads  60
The present investigation was carried out in Sabahia Horticulture Research Station, Alexandria, Egypt during 2015/2016 - 2016/2017 seasons to study the effect of foliar application with ascorbic acid, folic acid as well as hibiscus extract on quality of Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.). Foliar application of ascorbic acid and folic acid as well as extract of hibiscus were sprayed twice in each cut (first spry before cut 60 days and second spray before cut 30 days). Treatments included: control "water only", ascorbic acid at (100 and 200 ppm), folic acid at (50 and 100ppm) and hibiscus extract at (5% and 10%). The essential oil (%) of Geranium was determined by hydro-distillation as well as the main constituents of the volatile oil were determined by (GC). The Results showed that, all treatments (tested) caused a great increase in vegetative growth, the essential oil (%), oil yield (ml/plant and L/Fed.) and active compounds; Citronerlol, Citronelly formate, Iso-menthone, B-caryophyllene and Geranyl formate, while it decreased α-pinene and Geraniol. In addition, ascorbic acid at 200ppm, folic acid at 100ppm and hibiscus extract at (5, 10%) are sharp efficacy on increasing the vegetative growth and volatile oil yield than other treatments. Furthermore, it could be illustrated that natural drying caused pronounced changes (acceptable) in the volatile oil% and main constituents.
Geranium, Essential Oil, Ascorbic Acid, Folic Acid, Hibiscus Extract, Natural Drying
To cite this article
Tamer Farouk Ahmed El-Moghazy, Esam Abd-Elkareem Abd-Elazeem Al-Azzony, Effect of Ascorbic, Folic acids and Hibiscus Extract on Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens), American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 46-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20190404.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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