Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 46-56
Effect of Ascorbic, Folic acids and Hibiscus Extract on Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens)
Tamer Farouk Ahmed El-Moghazy, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Esam Abd-Elkareem Abd-Elazeem Al-Azzony, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Received: Sep. 12, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 29, 2019;       Published: Oct. 12, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20190404.11      View  44      Downloads  13
Abstract
The present investigation was carried out in Sabahia Horticulture Research Station, Alexandria, Egypt during 2015/2016 - 2016/2017 seasons to study the effect of foliar application with ascorbic acid, folic acid as well as hibiscus extract on quality of Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.). Foliar application of ascorbic acid and folic acid as well as extract of hibiscus were sprayed twice in each cut (first spry before cut 60 days and second spray before cut 30 days). Treatments included: control "water only", ascorbic acid at (100 and 200 ppm), folic acid at (50 and 100ppm) and hibiscus extract at (5% and 10%). The essential oil (%) of Geranium was determined by hydro-distillation as well as the main constituents of the volatile oil were determined by (GC). The Results showed that, all treatments (tested) caused a great increase in vegetative growth, the essential oil (%), oil yield (ml/plant and L/Fed.) and active compounds; Citronerlol, Citronelly formate, Iso-menthone, B-caryophyllene and Geranyl formate, while it decreased α-pinene and Geraniol. In addition, ascorbic acid at 200ppm, folic acid at 100ppm and hibiscus extract at (5, 10%) are sharp efficacy on increasing the vegetative growth and volatile oil yield than other treatments. Furthermore, it could be illustrated that natural drying caused pronounced changes (acceptable) in the volatile oil% and main constituents.
Keywords
Geranium, Essential Oil, Ascorbic Acid, Folic Acid, Hibiscus Extract, Natural Drying
To cite this article
Tamer Farouk Ahmed El-Moghazy, Esam Abd-Elkareem Abd-Elazeem Al-Azzony, Effect of Ascorbic, Folic acids and Hibiscus Extract on Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens), American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 46-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20190404.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Bulletin of the Agricultural Statistics. part (1): 2017, part (2) 2018.
[2]
Misra A, Srivastava NK. Value addition of essential monoterpene oil (s) in Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) on leaf positions for commercial exploitation. African J. of Agr. Res. 5 (15), 2010, 2077-2079.
[3]
Rao BRR, Kaul PN, Syamasundar KV, Ramesh S. Water soluble fractions of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) essential oil. Bioresource Technology. 84 (3), 2002, 243-246.
[4]
Rao BRR. Biomass yield, essential oil yield and essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) as influenced by row spacings and intercropping with cornmint (Mentha arvensis L. f. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes). Industrial Crops and Products. 16 (2), 2002, 133-144.
[5]
Lis-Balchin M, Patel J, Hart S. Studies on the mode of action of essential oils of scented-leaf Pelargonium (Geraniaceae). Phytotherapy Research. 12 (3) 1998, 215- 217.
[6]
Peterson A, Machmudah S, Roy BC, Goto M, Sasaki M, Hirose T. Extraction of essential oil from geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) with supercritical carbon dioxide. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 81 (2) 2006, 167-172.
[7]
Fayed SA. Antioxidant and anticancer activities of Citrus reticulate (petitgrain mandarin) and Pelargonium graveolens (geranium) essential oils. Res. J. Agr. and Biol. Sci. 5 (5), 2009, 740-747.
[8]
Weiss EA. Essential Oil Crops. Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences (CAB) International, New York, 1997.
[9]
Miller DM. The taxonomy of Pelargonium species and cultivars, their origins and growth in the wild. Geranium and Pelargoniums: The genera Geranium and Pelargonium. In: Medicinal and Aromatic PlantsIndustrial Profiles. Lis-Balchin M (Ed.). Taylor and Francis, London, 2002, 49-79.
[10]
Higley C, Higley A. Reference Guide for Essential Oils. Abundant Health, London, 2001.
[11]
Abd El-Gawad, M. G., El-Moghazy T. F. A. Extracting some Essential Oils and Studying their Effects on Extending Storage Life and Improving Quality of "Florida Prince" Peach Fruits. Middle East J. Agric. Res., 7 (4), 2018, 1545-1560, ISSN: 2077-4605.
[12]
Khan MG, Srivastava HS. Changes in growth and nitrogen assimilation in maize plants induced by NaCl and growth regulators. Biol. Plant., 41, 1998, 93-99.
[13]
Al-Hakimi AMA, Hamada AM. Counteraction of salinity stress on wheat plants by grain soaking in ascorbic acid, thiamin or sodium salicylate. Biol. Plant., 44, 2001, 253-261.
[14]
El-Tohamy W. A, El-Abugy H. M, El-Gready N. H. M. Studies on the effect putrescine, yeast and vitamin C on growth, yield and physiological responses of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) under sandy soil conditions. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 2 (2), 2008, 296-300.
[15]
El-Tohamy WA, El-Gready NHM. Physiological responses, growth, yield and quality of snap beans in response to foliar application of yeast, vitamin E and zinc under sandy soil conditions. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 1 (3), 2007, 294-299.
[16]
Shehata SM, Helmy YI, El-Tohamy WA. Pepper plants as affected by foliar application with some chemical treatments under later summer conditions. Egypt J. Appl. Sci., 17 (7), 2002, 236-248.
[17]
Balbaa L. K., Talaat I. M. Physiological response of rosemary plants (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) to ascorbic acid, phenylalanine and ornithine. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci. 22 (11B) 2007, 375–385.
[18]
Ghazal G. M. Growth and oil yield of thymus vulgaris plant as influenced by some amino acids and ascorbic acid, World J Pharm Sci, 3 (10) 2015, 1957-1966.
[19]
Asada, K. The water–water cycle in chloroplasts, scavenging of active oxygens and dissipation of excess photons. Annu Rev of Plant Physiol and Plant Mol. Biol. 50, 1999, 601–639.
[20]
Conklin, P. Recent advances in the role and biosynthesis of ascorbic acid in plants. Plant, Cell and Environ. 24: 2001, 383-394.
[21]
Pignocchi, C. and C. Foyer. Apoplastic ascorbate metabolism and its role in the regulation of cell signaling. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 6, 2003, 379–389.
[22]
El-Kobisy, D. S.; Kady K. A.; Hedani, R. A. and Agamy, R. A. Response of pea plant (pisum sativum L.) to treatment with ascorbic acid. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 20, 2005, 36-50.
[23]
Andrew WJ, Youngkoo C, Chen X, Pandalai SG. Vicissitudes of a vitamin. Recent Res. Dev. Phytochem., 4, 2000, 89-98.
[24]
Cossins E. The fascinating word of folate and one-crbon metabolism. J. of Bot. 78, 2000, 691-708.
[25]
Wang Z, Li S and Malhi S. Effects of fertilization and other agronomic measures on nutritional quality of crops. Review. J. of the Sci. of Food and Agr. 88, 2008, 7-23.
[26]
Raeisi, J., Pakkish, Z., Saffari, V. R. Efficiency of Folic Acid in Improving Yield and Fruit Quality of Strawberry. J. of Plant Physiology & Breeding, 7 (1), 2017, 15-25.
[27]
Nman, N. M., Onyeke, N. G. Chemical composition of two varieties of Sorrel (Hibiscus sabdarifa L.), calyces and the drink made from them. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2003, 58, 1-7.
[28]
Ali, B. H., Al Wabel, N., Blunden, G. Phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological aspects of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Phytotherapy Research, 19, 2005, 369-375.
[29]
Haji-Faraji, M., Haji-Tarkhani, A. The effect of sour tea (Hibiscus sabdariffa) on essential hypertension. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 65, 1999, 231-236.
[30]
Herrera-Arellano, A., Flores-Romero, S., Chavez-Soto, M. A., Tortoriello, J. Effectiveness and tolerability of a standardized extract from Hibiscus sabdariffa in patients with mild to moderate hypertension: a control and randomized clinical trial. Phytomedicine, 11, 2004, 375-382.
[31]
Eltayeib A. A., Hamade H. Phytochemical and Chemical Composition of Water Extract of Hibiscus Sabdariffa (Red Karkade Calyces) in North Kordofan State-Sudan Int, J. of Adv. Res. in Chem. Sci. (IJARCS) Vol. 1, Is. 6, Aug., 2014, PP 10-13 ISSN 2349-039X (Print), ISSN 2349-0403 (Online) www.arcjournals.org
[32]
Alshoash W. G. A. Chetnical Composition of Some Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa Genotypes., (M.SC.) Fac. of Agr., Uni. of Khartoum 1997.
[33]
Gingasu, D., Mindru, I., Patron, L., Calderon-Moreno, J. M., Mocioiu, O. C., Preda, S., Stanica, N., Nita, S., Dobre, N., Popa, M. and Gradisteanu, G. Green synthesis methods of CoFe2O4 and Ag-CoFe2O4 nanoparticles using hibiscus extracts and their antimicrobial potential. Journal of Nanomaterials, Vol. 2016, Article ID 2106756, 12 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2106756
[34]
British Pharmacopoeia The pharmaceutical press 17 Bloomsburg, square. W. C. I. London. 1963.
[35]
Gomez, K. A., A. A. Gomez, Statistical procedure for agricultural research. 2nd Edition. 1984, pp. 8-22.
[36]
Emam, M. M., El-Sweify, A. H., & Helal, N. M. Efficiencies of some vitamins in improving yield and quality of flax plant. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (18), 2011, 4362-4369.‏
[37]
Youssef, AA. and Talaat I M,. Physiological response of rosemary plants to some vitamins. Egypt. Pharm. J., 1: 2003, 81-93.
[38]
Eid, R. A., S. T. Lobna, M. M. Soad. “Physiological properties studies on essential oil of Jasminum grandiflorum L. as affected by some vitamins." Ozean J. of Appl. Sci. 3, no. 1, 2010, 87-96.
[39]
Taraf, S. A., Gamal El-Din, K. M., Balbaa, L. K. The response of vegetative growth and essential oil of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates Hort) to foliar application of ascorbic acid, nicotinamid and some micronutrients. Arab Univ. of Agric. Sci., 7, 1999, 247-259.
[40]
El-Lethy, S. R., Ayad, H. S. and Reda, F. Effect of riboflavin, ascorbic acid and dry yeast on vegetative growth, essential oil pattern and antioxidant activity of geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.). American-Eurasian J. of Agr, and Environmental Sci., 10, 2011, pp. 781-786.
[41]
Reda, F.; Fadl, M.; Abdel-All, R. S. and El-Moursi, A. Physiological studies on Ammi visnaga L. The effect of thiamine and ascorbic acid on growth and chromone yield. Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci., 18, 1977, 19-27. Aberg, B. (1961): Vitamins as growth factors in higher plants. Encyclopedia of Plant Physiol. XIV. 418-449.
[42]
Aberg, B. Vitamins as growth factors in higher plants. Encyclopedia of Plant Physiol. XIV. 1961, 418-449.
[43]
ADC Commercialization Bulletin No. 14 Geranium oil. IDEA/ Geranium oil /March 12, 1998.
[44]
Hamouda A. M. A. Effect of Drying Geranium Fresh Herb Before Distillation on Essential Oil Yield and Composition, Egypt. J. Hort. Vol. 40, No. 1, 2013, pp. 113-120.
Browse journals by subject